What are macronutrients?

 

These are types of nutrients that your body needs in large amounts and you probably have already heard of the three main types; Protein, Fat and carbohydrate. 


Alcohol is also another macronutrient, however it offers little to no value when it comes to survival and performance. 


Each macronutrient offers a certain amount of energy (calories) and each plays different roles in the body when consumed. 


Protein contains 4 calories per gram and is perhaps the most important macronutrient. The body uses protein to build, maintain and replace substances like muscles, bones, connective tissue, hormones, enzymes, skin, hair and nails. Gram for gram, this is the most satiating macronutrient. 


Fat contains 9 calories per gram and is the most calorie dense macronutrient. The main role of fat is to provide energy. Healthy fats (steak, nuts etc) supports transporting fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) and hormone production. It also provides our bodies with two types of fatty acids - omega 3 and omega 6 which are vital for optimal health and function. 


Carbohydrate contains 4 calories per gram (I know right, less than fat!) and is considered the most fun macronutrient! This is a great macronutrient for energy and fueling your training sessions specifically. Fibre is a specific type of carbohydrate in which the body needs for digestive health. 


Do you know how much of each to eat on a daily basis? 


Send me a message and I would love to help you.